Chris here again!
There are two types of chickens there are the Broilers and the Hens. Layer poultry farming means raising egg laying poultry birds for the purpose of commercial egg production. Layer chickens are a special species of hens, which need to be raised from when they are one day old. They start laying eggs commercially from 18-19 weeks of age. They remain to lay eggs continuously till they’re 72-78 weeks of age. They can produce about one kg of eggs by consuming about 2.25 kg of food during their egg-laying period. Broiler chickens are bred specifically for fast growth and weigh four pounds at seven to nine weeks of age. To accomplish that growth, broilers need seven major nutrients including carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals, water, and oxygen. Black broilers have thin, white body skin with black feathers, shanks, and beaks. Others have multi-colored feathers. “Poultry enhance soil fertility by working their manure into the soil, and they help manage crop pests by grazing on weeds and insects” (Davies). They are well-suited to free-range, organic, pastured, and welfare-friendly environments.
The scale size of poultry production depends on the amount or size of the poultry farm. A small-scale would be mainly one specific type of bird including either broilers, hens, turkeys, etc. A large-scale would be having all which instead of having one specific type of poultry, there is more than one.
Small-scale poultry production has developed in a large number of developing countries around the world as an important source of earning for the rural poor. In the last few years, the recognition of small-scale commercial poultry production helps to accelerate the pace of poverty reduction of riding in a new height. The poultry industry has been successfully becoming a leading industry in the country. The sector is also growing rapidly for the last two decades though it started farming during the mid-sixties in this country. It is already capable to rise at an annual growth of around 20 percent in the last two decades. “Poultry is a major source of consumable animal protein. For example, per capita consumption of poultry in the United States has more than quadrupled since the end of World War II, as the industry developed a highly efficient production system. (Britannica)” This explains that poultry production has grown majorly since World War II.
- Starkey, Jonathan. “Delaware business: Chicken companies feeling pinch as corn prices soar.” News Journal. Gannett DelawareOnline. OCLC 38962480., April 9, 2011. Retrieved April 10, 2011
- Garrigus, Wesley Patterson. “Poultry Farming.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 23 Apr. 2015, www.britannica.com/topic/poultry-farming.